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Adquaring a text (incluido en el      )

When we begin reading a text we adquire gradually many informations, as the subject of it, and even the plot if it is a novel or story. Lets take the beguining of a recent novel which is  "A Game of Thrones" by George R. R. Martin. Ed. Harpercollins. London 2011. Lets recover the beginning of the book. We look in Google using the first words: "We should start back. Garet...". And we obtain this:


  • “We should start back,” Gared urged as the woods began to grow dark around them.

      “The wildlings are dead.”

      “Do the dead frighten you?” Ser Waymar Royce asked with just the hint of a smile.

      Gared did not rise to the bait. He was an old man, past fifty, and he had seen the lordlings come and go. “Dead is dead,” he said. “We have no business with the dead.”

      “Are they dead?” Royce asked softly. “What proof have we?”

      “Will saw them,” Gared said. “If he says they are dead, that’s proof enough for me.”

      Will had known they would drag him into the quarrel sooner or later. He wished it had been later rather than sooner. “My mother told me that dead men sing no songs,” he put in.

      “My wet nurse said the same thing, Will,” Royce replied. “Never believe anything you hear at a woman’s tit. There are things to be learned even from the dead.” His voice echoed, too loud in the twilit forest.

    A Game of Thrones. George R.R. Martin

The text begin with someone, Garet, urges another person, or several, to return. We don't know who Garet is to whom he is addressing nor where are they, but we sense there is possible a group  marching though the woods perhaps in difficult conditions and Garet being a guide or at least somebody with criterion.


So we know a lot already about the situation of the speaker and listeners with only the a  few words. We are then learning  a lot about the plot of the novel.  (What is the plot? It is the general situation and everything that happen

 to the people that appear in the novel. It can be also called... ).


We see how instead of explaining the situation like  Dickens, Balzac, Zola, etc., this and other modern novels and films enter directly, brutally, in the plot, in their story, and however, we grasp little by little all this previous informations.




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